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Sunday, December 9, 2012
5 Leg Exercises Your Not Doing
By Matt Bliss
It's leg day. You're tired. You're tempted to take it easy and wander through a few sets of leg press, extensions, and curls. Sure, you could attack those exercises with sufficient intensity and make short-term progress. Eventually, though, your development will get top-heavy and you'll be the guy stuck in sweat pants, hiding your peg legs. Real men and women—the kind with bulging quads and hanging hamstrings—pull off short shorts.
This one's for you, brothers and sisters in the sweats. Over time, we tend to get into a training groove. We hit the same exercises with the same intensity, so our progress slows, crawls, and eventually stops. Don't get comfortable; get uncomfortable! Try some new exercises—like the five leg legends below—to challenge your patterns and kickstart new gains.
1 / Zercher Squat
This is one of my favorite all-time movements, especially for strength athletes. Zercher squatseliminate many of the problems that immobile people have with back squats. I've seen shoulders so jacked-up that people can't get their hands on the bar when squatting.
Bad hips, weak hamstrings, and a bad back can all contribute to complications with back squats. The Zercher is a great alternative while you fix your jacked-up crap. It heavily recruits the upper back and posterior chain, is "easy" on the spine, and the bar position makes it simple to squat correctly.
As you start, you may find cradling the bar to be uncomfortable. There are a couple of solutions to this—along with sucking it up, of course. You could use a thick bar, such as a strongman axle. The increased surface area will radically reduce the discomfort.
You could also use a barbell pad, such as those the weak might use during a back squat. Regardless, rotate the Zercher squat into your program. It's fantastic.
2 / Bulgarian Split Squat
A single-leg squat not only adds a limited amount of instability to your squat (more similar to what you would see on an athletic field than a two-legged squat), but also allows you to train with a lighter load. This has its place, like when you want to give your spine a break from those disc-crushing poundages. It's easy to get someone doing this movement correctly with intense loads, and injuries are unlikely. That makes a rear-foot-elevated split squat a great addition to any program.
The most common issue with the split squat is incorrect placement of the front foot. Most will place the front foot too close to the rear, causing excessive knee displacement and potential discomfort. Get more glutes and hamstrings involvement, with less knee pain, by moving the front foot to a position that keeps the knee directly above the ankle. If the movement causes too much of a stretch in the hip flexor as you descend, use a shorter bench or box.
I recommend beginning with dumbbells until you have mastered the set-up. It won't be too long before your weights move up drastically. Once you have graduated to a barbell, I would recommend doing this movement in the comparative safety of the squat rack, on the off chance you lose your balance. You also might consider using the safety-squat bar for this move.
3 / Donkey Calf Raise
This is a great movement because, unlike some of the more popular calf moves, it keeps the gastrocnemius into a heavily stretched position as it crosses the knee.
This iconic movement brings back images of Arnold with several women on his back. If you can pull it off, that is definitely the way to go! But you can use training partners as an external load, use a machine, or set it up with a weight belt.
However you "ride the donkey," there is one issue you will run into with this movement: the load. Your calves can handle considerable weight. Whatever load you use, you may not encounter much of a challenge. Don't write yourself off as an uber-strong badass. Instead, do your calf raises one leg at a time.
4 / Glute-Ham Raise
This might be the most underrated movement on this list. As good as it is, few gyms carry the proper equipment needed to perform this movement. It's difficult and requires good technique, which often makes it the odd machine out in commercial gyms.
The glute-ham raise hits your entire posterior chain-your calves, hamstrings, and back all contract strongly during this movement. Progressing this heavy-hitting movement will radically improve your squats, deadlifts, and even your vertical jump! Just pay attention to good technique.
On a strictly performed glute-ham raise, most people will struggle with only a few bodyweight reps. It is tough.
5 / Good Morning
There are few movements as effective for your posterior chain as the good morning. There are a lot of ways to perform it, but the key here is the hip hinge. People tend to use a lot of back and quads in posterior chain movements, which leads them to perform the exercises incorrectly.
When teaching this movement, I usually start by having "Assistant Coach Wall" instruct the athlete. Stand six inches in front of a wall with your feet in your squat stance, and push your hips back until your butt touches the wall. Maintain a neutral to slightly arched spine, and ensure that you aren't facilitating the movement with knee displacement. Your knees should stay directly above ankles, or even behind if you are really good.
After you've achieved the form, move forward an inch or two and repeat the drill. Continue doing so until you reach the limit of your flexibility, with your hips fully displaced and your hamstrings feeling like they're going to rip off. Add a barbell to your back, perform the above movement, and you've hit a perfect good morning.